MAG. DOMINIK ORNIG: "Automation of Decision-Making"
09.01.2023 12:30 on site (HS 15.01 (Moot-Court- und Verhandlungsraum)) and online
The cost pressures and distancing rules during the Covid-19 pandemic have added further momentum to the drive towards digitalization and automation of judicial decision-making. Unprecedented amounts of available data along with the necessary technology and computing power to process them pave the way for increasingly automated decision-making. A wide array of disruptively efficient tools is on offer ranging from assistance programmes to fully autonomous processes that do not require human intervention. Legal decision-making, however, ought to square the pursuit of many goals, only one of which is efficiency. This lecture will provide a critical overview of the currently available solution and identify trends that may shape the future of disputes
Registration details will be announced soon.
DR. KATALIN SULYOK: "Science and the Legitimate Argumentative Space of International Courts"
11.11.2022 12:30 on site (HS 15.01 (Moot-Court- und Verhandlungsraum)) and online
Scientific knowledge pervades environmental disputes in several ways, which poses challenges for courts in crafting a convincing reasoning that closely reflects on the technical facts of the case, and at the same time, fits with the epistemic competence of judges. The presentation will map the epistemically legitimate argumentative space available for judges by identifying four main forms of reasoning in international environmental adjudication, namely scientific, legal, intuitive and hybrid reasoning styles. The talk will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these reasoning methods for securing the legitimacy of the judgment, and will offer parameters which help judges select the appropriate (epistemically legitimate) reasoning style in particular cases.
Registration details will be announced soon.
PROF. JEAN D'ASPREMONT: "The Discourse on Customary International Law" (in collaboration with the European Society of International Law)
30.09.2022 13:00 on site (HS 15.05) and online
While many studies have looked at traditional questions of how to identify customary law, this presentation takes a new and original approach. It looks instead at the structure of thought that lies beneath the arguments about customary international law. By examining these structures, the presentation uncovers surprising conclusions, and demonstrates the ‚discursive splendour‘ of customary international law. One of its key claims is that customary international law is not the surviving trace of an ancient law-making mechanism that used to be found in traditional societies. It is also argued that, contrary to mainstream opinion, customary international law is in fact shaped by texts, and originates from a textual environment.
For participation in person we ask for a binding registration by e-mail to voelkerrecht(at)uni-graz.at until 28.09.2022. No separate registration is required to follow the discussion via livestream.
PROF. WOLFGANG BENEDEK: "Präsentation des OSZE-Berichts"
02.06.2022 12:30 in Präsenz (HS 15.05) und online (Unitube)
Der Vortrag wird einen Überblick über den Moskau Mechanismus der OSZE zur Untersuchung behaupteter Menschenrechtsverletzungen geben und sodann am Beispiel der Berichte der letzten Jahre zu Tschetschenien und Belarus, vor allem aber zur Ukraine, aufzeigen, welche Herausforderungen sich für die Durchführung der zugrundeliegenden Expertenmissionen stellen und wie diese bewältigt werden können. Besonderes Augenmerk wird neben den wichtigsten Ergebnissen der Untersuchungen auf die Frage gelegt, wie die Verantwortlichen für die festgestellten Verletzungen zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden können.
Der Vortrag wird auf Englisch gehalten. Für die Teilnahme ist keine gesonderte Anmeldung erforderlich.
PROF. MARTHA BRADLEY: „Testing the boundaries of Tadic: Assessing the intensity of violence through an aggregated approach in complex conflict settings“
25.04.2022 12:30 on site (SZ 15.21, RESOWI A2) and online
The applicability of IHL in complex conflict settings where armed groups are operating side by side calls for a departure from the traditional bilateral intensity assessment approach, instead the intensity criterion should be considered on a collective basis. My contribution sets out to determine the grounds for establishing if the Tadic formula restricts the method of assessing the notion of intensity to the bilateral approach. I examine judicial practice in support of adopting that approach as well as scholarly speculation which establishes the suggested content if adopting an aggregated assessment approach.
For participation (in person or online) we ask for a binding registration by e-mail to voelkerrecht(at)uni-graz.at until 22.04.2022. All registered participants will receive the link to the livestream by e-mail prior to the event.
DR. MARKO SVICEVIC: „Collective self-defence or regional enforcement action: the legality of a SADC inter- vention in Cabo Delgado and the question of Mozambican consent"
11.02.2022 via UniMeet
The lecture focuses broadly on the situation in northern Mozambique, and, more specifically, on the legality of military operations there by the Southern African Development Community (SADC). In July of 2021, the sixteen-member regional block authorised the deployment of the SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) – to counter a growing insurgency in the province. However, even before its deployment, questions relating to a potential legal basis were present. The lecture examines two predominant legal bases: collective self-defence under the SADC Mutual Defence Pact as had been claimed prior to the deployment; and, consent based deployment since the authorisation of the mission last year.